1) Usama b. Zaid reported Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) as saying: A Muslim is not entitled to inherit from a non-Muslim, and non-Muslim is not entitled to inherit from a Muslim.
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2) Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) as saying: Give the shares to those who are entitled to them, and what remains over goes to the nearest male heir.
3) Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported: I fell sick and there came to me on foot Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam) and Abu Bakr for inquiring after my health. I fainted. He [the Holy Prophet (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam performed ablution and then sprinkled over me the water of his ablution. I felt some relief and said: “Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allah-o-alaihe wa sallam), how should I decide about my property?” He said nothing to me in response until this verse pertaining to the law of inheritance was revealed: “They ask you for a decision; say: Allah gives you a decision concerning the person who has neither parents nor children” (4.177).
Source: Economic Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him): A Select Anthology of Hadith Literature on Economics, Muhammad Akram Khan. Republished with permission.
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