Definition of "Al-‘asabah"
Relating to the law of inheritance, those relatives in whose line of relationship no female enters. There is no fixed share of the ‘asabah prescribed in the Qur’an. If the deceased is not survived by any dhawul-fara’id, the whole of the property falls to the ‘asabah, otherwise the residue of the dhawu. l-fara’id. The ‘asabat are the following relatives: (i) sons and daughters (grandsons/daughters in the absence of sons and daughters); (ii) father, grandfather and great-grandfather, if there is no son, grandson, daughters and grand-daughters); (iii) in the absence of son, grandson, daughter, grand-daughter, father, grandfather, brother is an ‘asabah including sons and daughters of the brother if the brother is not alive; (iv) consanguine brother; if none of the above is alive; and (v) full paternal uncle, if there is no consanguine brother.